According to a neurology specialist in Chennai, Neuroblastoma, rare cancer, develops in nerve tissue. Usually impacted are children under the age of five. Symptoms include fatigue, loss of appetite, and a lump in the chest, neck, or belly. Treatment options include surgery, chemotherapy, and radiation. The prognosis affects the child’s age, disease stage, and risk category.
The nerve system of infants and young children can develop neuroblastoma, a kind of paediatric cancer. Neuroblastoma develops in developing nerve tissue (neuroblasts).
Typically, the neuroblasts in the adrenal glands are impacted (small organs that sit on top of the kidneys). The adrenal glands produce hormones that regulate automatic bodily processes, including digestion, blood pressure, respiration, and heart rate. Additionally, nerve tissue in the spinal cord, belly, chest, or neck can develop neuroblastoma. It may spread to other bodily regions.
How typical is neuroblastoma?
The most frequent cancer among infants is neuroblastoma, despite its rarity. About 800 kids in receive a neuroblastoma diagnosis each year.
Almost always, neuroblastoma appears before the age of five. Babies may experience it before birth. In youngsters above the age of 10, neuroblastoma is extremely uncommon.
What stages of neuroblastoma are there?
The neuroblastoma stages are:
Stage L1: The stage with the least risk is this one. L1 tumours have not spread outside of one bodily compartment. Additionally, the tumour does not affect the body’s essential structures (no image-defined risk factors are present).
Stage L2: At this stage, the tumour is only present in one area of the body, although cancer cells may still spread to nearby lymph nodes, for example. Additionally, there is the involvement of crucial body parts, such as a tumour around big blood veins (i.e., at least one image-defined risk factor is present).
What symptoms are present in neuroblastoma?
According to the best oncologists in Chennai, neuroblastoma symptoms can range from mild to severe. Depending on the tumour’s location and the stage of the disease, they vary. Cancer usually spreads to other bodily areas when symptoms first appear. These signs include:
- Several lumps under the skin may seem blue or purple, or a bump or lump in the neck, chest, pelvis, or abdomen (belly) (in infants).
- Sagging eyes or under-eye circles (it may look like the child has a black eye).
- Constipation, an upset stomach, diarrhoea, or an appetite reduction.
- Drowsiness, a cough, and fever.
- Pale skin is a symptom of anaemia (low red blood cells).
- A painfully swollen stomach.
- difficulty breathing
- weakness, issues with mobility, or paralysis in the legs,